Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery
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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 51  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 155--166

Application of embryonic equivalents in male-to-female sex reassignment surgery

Department of Plastic Reconstructive and Faciomaxillary Surgery, Madras Medical College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Balakrishnan Margabandu Thalaivirithan
Old No. 15, New No. 10, Thiruvalluvar Street, Rangarajapuram, Kodambakkam, Chennai - 600 024, Tamil Nadu
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijps.IJPS_62_18

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Introduction: The feeling of incongruence between phenotypic sex and psychological recognition of self-gender is termed gender dysphoria. Transsexualism is the most extreme form of this disorder. Aims and Objectives: The aims and objectives of the study are to evaluate the esthetic and functional outcome of embryonic equivalents-based male-to-female sex reassignment surgery in transwomen using the institutional scoring system. Materials and Methods: Thirty transwomen who had undergone male-to-female embryonic equivalents-based sex reassignment surgery (MFEEbSRS) from October 2012 to March 2016 were retrospectively studied. The outcome was evaluated by two independent plastic surgeons, based on interview with the individuals, visual assessment, and measurements. Surgical Technique: Clitoris was created from reduced glans on dorsal penile pedicle mounted on the crura of the conjoined corpora cavernosa. De-gloved unfurled proximal penile skin formed the introitus, hood for clitoris and labia minora. Neo-external urethral meatus was fashioned from the distal portion of the bulbar urethra. Distal de-gloved inverted penile tube flap was used for the creation of neovagina. Reduced scrotal flaps formed the labia majora. Observation and Results: The maximum length of neovagina in the study was 12 cm, and the average length was 9.8 cm. Based on our institutional scoring system for the assessment of esthetic and functional outcome, we got excellent results in all transwomen. Conclusion: The esthetic and functional outcome in all the patients was good. All patients were relieved of their primordial feminine tension and satisfied with the surgery. Their personality, lifestyle, and self-esteem improved remarkably following surgery.


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