Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery
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 Table of Contents    
LETTERS TO EDITOR
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 49  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 426-427
 

A novel technique for the management of microform cleft lip


Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Kochi, Kerala, India

Date of Web Publication30-Dec-2016

Correspondence Address:
Akshay Omkumar
Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Ponekkara, Kochi - 682 041, Kerala
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/0970-0358.197239

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How to cite this article:
Omkumar A, Sharma M. A novel technique for the management of microform cleft lip. Indian J Plast Surg 2016;49:426-7

How to cite this URL:
Omkumar A, Sharma M. A novel technique for the management of microform cleft lip. Indian J Plast Surg [serial online] 2016 [cited 2017 Jul 25];49:426-7. Available from: http://www.ijps.org/text.asp?2016/49/3/426/197239


Sir,

We are writing this letter to present you a novel technique for the management of microform cleft lip. As per the best of our knowledge, this technique has not been reported elsewhere in literature for the management of microform cleft lip.

As per Mulliken,[1] the six features of the microform unilateral cleft lip are:

  1. A notched mucosa
  2. Thin medial vermilion
  3. Elevated Cupid's bow peak
  4. Furrowed philtral column
  5. Hypoplastic orbicularis oris
  6. Minor nasal deformity.


Since in majority of the cases, the tissue deficiency is not significant, the management appears deceptively simple. However, to completely correct the deformity, one needs to take down the lip completely followed by muscle advancement and resuturing.

In spite of this, the vermilion deficiency remains in some cases.

Our patient was a 30-year-old lady with a microform cleft and her main requirement was that she wanted bulk for her upper lip [Figure 1].
Figure 1: Pre-operative image showing microform cleft

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We present a simple technique to correct this problem by a primary vermilion V-Y advancement [Figure 2]a and [Figure 2]b along with repairing the microform lip by Millard [2] rotation advancement technique [Figure 3].
Figure 2: (a) Intra-operative image showing V-Y advancement. (b) Intra-operative image showing Millard's rotation advancement flap

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Figure 3: Four-month post-operative period with good aesthetic result

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At 1-year and 9-month post-operative period, the patient had good bulk in her upper lip with an aesthetically pleasing result [Figure 4]. An advantage of this technique is that the deformity could be addressed in one sitting without the requirement of procedures such as derma-fat grafting which requires a separate incision.
Figure 4: One year and nine-month follow-up with good aesthesis

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To conclude, a primary vermilion V-Y advancement along with a Millard's rotation advancement can be used as a reliable technique in the management of microform clefts.

Declaration of patient consent

The authors certify that they have obtained all appropriate patient consent forms. In the form the patient(s) has/have given his/her/their consent for his/her/their images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patients understand that their names and initials will not be published and due efforts will be made to conceal their identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

There are no conflicts of interest.

 
  References Top

1.
Mulliken JB. Double unilimb Z-plastic repair of microform cleft lip. Plast Reconstr Surg 2005;116:1623-32.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Millard DR Jr. Cleft Craft – The Evolution of Its Surgery the Unilateral Deformity. Boston: Little Brown; 1976.  Back to cited text no. 2
    


    Figures

  [Figure 1], [Figure 2], [Figure 3], [Figure 4]



 

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