|LETTERS TO EDITOR
|Year : 2016 | Volume
| Issue : 3 | Page : 426-427
A novel technique for the management of microform cleft lip
Akshay Omkumar, Mohit Sharma
Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Kochi, Kerala, India
|Date of Web Publication||30-Dec-2016|
Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Amrita Institute of Medical Sciences, Ponekkara, Kochi - 682 041, Kerala
Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None
|How to cite this article:|
Omkumar A, Sharma M. A novel technique for the management of microform cleft lip. Indian J Plast Surg 2016;49:426-7
We are writing this letter to present you a novel technique for the management of microform cleft lip. As per the best of our knowledge, this technique has not been reported elsewhere in literature for the management of microform cleft lip.
As per Mulliken, the six features of the microform unilateral cleft lip are:
- A notched mucosa
- Thin medial vermilion
- Elevated Cupid's bow peak
- Furrowed philtral column
- Hypoplastic orbicularis oris
- Minor nasal deformity.
Since in majority of the cases, the tissue deficiency is not significant, the management appears deceptively simple. However, to completely correct the deformity, one needs to take down the lip completely followed by muscle advancement and resuturing.
In spite of this, the vermilion deficiency remains in some cases.
Our patient was a 30-year-old lady with a microform cleft and her main requirement was that she wanted bulk for her upper lip [Figure 1].
We present a simple technique to correct this problem by a primary vermilion V-Y advancement [Figure 2]a and [Figure 2]b along with repairing the microform lip by Millard  rotation advancement technique [Figure 3].
|Figure 2: (a) Intra-operative image showing V-Y advancement. (b) Intra-operative image showing Millard's rotation advancement flap|
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At 1-year and 9-month post-operative period, the patient had good bulk in her upper lip with an aesthetically pleasing result [Figure 4]. An advantage of this technique is that the deformity could be addressed in one sitting without the requirement of procedures such as derma-fat grafting which requires a separate incision.
To conclude, a primary vermilion V-Y advancement along with a Millard's rotation advancement can be used as a reliable technique in the management of microform clefts.
Declaration of patient consent
The authors certify that they have obtained all appropriate patient consent forms. In the form the patient(s) has/have given his/her/their consent for his/her/their images and other clinical information to be reported in the journal. The patients understand that their names and initials will not be published and due efforts will be made to conceal their identity, but anonymity cannot be guaranteed.
Financial support and sponsorship
Conflicts of interest
There are no conflicts of interest.
| » References|| |
Mulliken JB. Double unilimb Z-plastic repair of microform cleft lip. Plast Reconstr Surg 2005;116:1623-32.
Millard DR Jr. Cleft Craft – The Evolution of Its Surgery the Unilateral Deformity. Boston: Little Brown; 1976.
[Figure 1], [Figure 2], [Figure 3], [Figure 4]