Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery
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Year : 2013  |  Volume : 46  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 312--324

Avoidance of unfavourable results following primary flexor tendon surgery

Department of Hand Surgery, St. Andrew's Centre for Plastic Surgery, Broomfield Hospital, Chelmsford, Essex, United Kingdom

Correspondence Address:
D Elliot
Woodlands, Woodham Walter, Essex CM9 6LN
United Kingdom
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0970-0358.118610

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This review describes the biological problems faced by those managing primary flexor tendon injuries and explains why these problems still thwart attempts to achieve normal, or near normal, function after this injury, despite a century of surgical effort. It considers the historical background of the early 20 th century attempts to improve the results and analyses the clinical usefulness of more recent research into tendon core and circumferential suture modification, including the authors' work in this field, and changes in post-operative mobilisation over the last 50 years. More recent manipulation of the sheath to improve results and the future possibility of manipulation of adhesions are discussed. It also discusses other factors, e.g., the patient, the experience of the surgeon, the use of therapists, the timing of repair, complex injuries, injuries in zones other than zone 2, which can have a bearing on the results and considers how these can be modified to avoid an unfavourable outcome.


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