Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery
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Year : 2010  |  Volume : 43  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 151--157

Perforator propeller flaps for sacral and ischial soft tissue reconstruction

1 Department of Plastic Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Madras Medical College, Chennai, India
2 Department Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Madras Medical College, Chennai, India

Correspondence Address:
Pradeoth M Korambayil
No 2, Loveshore Apartments, Saw mill Road, Koorkenchery, Thrissur, Kerala
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/0970-0358.73427

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The perforator-based flaps in the sacral and ischial region is designed according to the localization of perforators that penetrate the gluteus maximus muscle, reach the intra-fascial and supra-fascial planes with the overlying skin forming a rich vascular plexus. The perforator-based flaps described in this article are highly vascularized, have minimal donor site morbidity, and do not require the sacrifice of the gluteus maximus muscle. In a period between April 2008 and March 2009, six patients with sacral pressure sore were reconstructed with propeller flap method based on superior gluteal and parasacral artery perforators. One flap loss was noted. Three cases of ischial pressure sore were reconstructed with longitudinal propeller flap cover, based on inferior gluteal artery perforator. One flap suffered wound infection and dehiscence. Two cases of pilonidal sinus were reconstructed with propeller flap based on parasacral perforators. Both the flaps survived without any complications. Donor sites were closed primarily. In the light of this, they can be considered among the first surgical choices to re-surface soft tissue defects of the sacral and ischial regions. In the series of 11 patients, two patients (18%) suffered complications.


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