Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery
An open access publication of Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
Users Online: 24  
Home | Subscribe | Feedback | Login 
  Navigate here 
  Search
 
 »  Next article
 »  Previous article 
 »  Table of Contents
  
 Resource links
 »   Similar in PUBMED
 »  Search Pubmed for
 »  Search in Google Scholar for
 »Related articles
 »   Article in PDF (1,409 KB)
 »   Citation Manager
 »   Access Statistics
 »   Reader Comments
 »   Email Alert *
 »   Add to My List *
* Registration required (free)  
  In this article
 »  Abstract
 »  Introduction
 »  Case Report
 »  Discussion
 »  References
 »  Article Figures

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed1980    
    Printed126    
    Emailed1    
    PDF Downloaded116    
    Comments [Add]    
    Cited by others 1    

Recommend this journal

 


 
CASE REPORT
Year : 2010  |  Volume : 43  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 111-113
 

Median cleft lip: A new method of surgical repair


Burns and Plastic Surgery Department, B.J. Wadia Hospital, Parel, Mumbai, India

Date of Web Publication3-Jun-2010

Correspondence Address:
B V Khandekar
'Prerana', Saraswat Colony, V.P. Road, Nr. S.V. Joshi High School, Dombivli (E) - 421 201. Dist. Thane
India
Login to access the Email id


DOI: 10.4103/0970-0358.63965

PMID: 20924466

Get Permissions

 » Abstract 

The aim is to discuss a new method of muscle repair in midline cleft lip. Three patients with midline cleft lip were repaired with our technique of muscle repair and the results evaluated. Our new method of muscle repair in the form of 'Z' helps in forming the philtral dimple.


Keywords: Midline cleft lip; muscle repair


How to cite this article:
Khandekar B V, Srinivasan S, Mokal N J. Median cleft lip: A new method of surgical repair. Indian J Plast Surg 2010;43:111-3

How to cite this URL:
Khandekar B V, Srinivasan S, Mokal N J. Median cleft lip: A new method of surgical repair. Indian J Plast Surg [serial online] 2010 [cited 2014 Oct 31];43:111-3. Available from: http://www.ijps.org/text.asp?2010/43/1/111/63965



 » Introduction Top


Median or midline cleft lip is defined as any congenital vertical cleft through the centre of the lip.

It can occur as a sporadic event, or as a part of an inherited sequence of anomalies. It arises due to incomplete merging of the median nasal prominences which form the inter-maxillary segment.

Two major categories of midline cleft lip are described:

  1. Demyer sequence: [1],[2] Frontonasal deformity associated with hypotelorism, holoprosencephaly and facial deformity which ranges from cyclopia to midline facial cleft with pre-maxillary agenesis.
  2. Median Cleft face syndrome: It is often associated with nasal deformity, hypertelorism usually either with no or little brain deformity (corpus callosum agenesis). Amongst these patients surgical reconstruction is feasible due to the probability of normal life expectancy.

 » Case Report Top


Three cases of median cleft lip were repaired with our new method of muscle repair.

Surgical technique

Surgery was planned after anaesthesia work-up. Methylene Blue was used to mark the philtral column to allow the construction of a philtral base of 8 mm and a columellar base of 6 mm.

Forked flaps were marked on the edges of the cleft to construct the columella [Figure 1]. [3]

Simple paring of the edges in an inverted 'V' fashion was done in one case to construct the columella.

The orbicularis oris was dissected from the skin and mucosa. The abnormal muscular insertions of the nostril sill and alar margins were released. However, the suturing of the muscle was done in the form of "Z" instead of transverse repair [Figure 2]. Muscle was closed with vicryl 4-0.

Two triangular flaps were marked on the skin [Figure 3] and skin closure was completed with ethilon 6-0 [Figure 4].

Sutures were removed on the seventh postoperative day. The similar technique was used in case no. 2 [Figure 5] with late follow-up showing [Figure 6] philtral dimple.


 » Discussion Top


Median or midline cleft lip is a rare anomaly which occurs with a incidence of 0.43 to 0.73% in cleft population. [4]

Surgical correction is feasible, since intelligence levels and life expectancy are normal in these cases.

In the literature greater importance is given to pathogenesis than to surgical repair. In our surgical technique we have addressed all the elements of median cleft lip deformity like columellar length, nostril width, philtral height and appearance, to achieve a well-balanced lip.

Forked flaps are used to reconstruct the columella which is most often deficient in these cases. Particular attention is given to the abnormally inserted orbicularis oris, which was released from the alar base and nostril sill, which helped in reducing the nostril width. This method of muscle repair in the form of a 'Z' predominantly helped in the formation of the philtral dimple.

The philtral height is achieved and maintained with two triangular flaps, [4] as described earlier, which avoids straight line closure. Considering all the features of median cleft deformity during surgical correction and using a different method of muscle repair in the form of 'Z' it was possible to achieve a functionally and aesthetically acceptable lip.

 
 » References Top

1.Demyer W, Zeman W, Palmer CG. The face depicts the brain: Diagnosis and significance of median facial anomalies for holo prosencephaly with median cleft lip and palate. Pediatrics 1964;11:256-63.  Back to cited text no. 1      
2.Demyer W, Zeman W, Palmer CG. Familial alobar holo prosencephaly. Neurology 1963;13:913-8.  Back to cited text no. 2  [PUBMED]    
3.Millard DR, Williams S. Median Clefts of the upper lip. Plast Reconstr Surg 1968;42:4-14.  Back to cited text no. 3      
4.Pinto CJ, Goleria KS. Transactions of 5th International Congress of Plastic and Reconstructive at Melbourne 22-26 th February 1971.  Back to cited text no. 4      


    Figures

  [Figure 1], [Figure 2], [Figure 3], [Figure 4], [Figure 5], [Figure 6]


This article has been cited by
1 Midline cleft of upper lip: Review and surgical repair
Gaurav Deshpande,Alex Campbell,Rasika Jagtap,Carolina Restrepo
Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery. 2014;
[Pubmed]



 

Top
Print this article  Email this article
Previous article Next article

    

Site Map  |  Home  |  Contact Us  |  Feedback  |  Copyright and Disclaimer
Online since 11th March '04
Published by Medknow